Defining a traumatic brain injury and its causes

Updated: Oct 15, 2018


It is utterly heart-wrenching for the victim and family when a traumatic brain injury occurs. In some severe cases, the person suffering the TBI is never the same again.


Defining a TBI and its causes

A TBI is a dysfunction of the brain, and can be caused by a sudden jolt, a violent blow to the head or body, or caused by an object that penetrates the brain, like a bullet.

Fortunately, not all traumatic brain injuries are severe. In fact, afull recovery is possible for someone who experiences a mild TBI. In such cases the brain dysfunction is only temporary. However, those with a severe TBI can experience long-term complications or death.

The most common causes of TBIs are the following:

  • A fall

  • A motor vehicle accident

  • A sports injury (think football, for example)

  • Violence

  • Combat injuries

  • Proximity to a violent blast or explosion


Symptoms of a TBI

There are various physical, psychological and emotional effects associated with a traumatic brain injury. These symptoms can appear immediately after an accident while others don’t exhibit symptoms for days or weeks.



The following are just some of the symptoms a TBI victim may experience.

  • Loss of consciousness from several minutes to several hours

  • Nausea, vomiting and/or dry heaving

  • Memory loss

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Dizziness or loss of balance

  • Persistent headache

  • Disorientation

  • Fatigue or drowsiness

  • Blurred vision

  • Ringing in ears

  • Mood swings

  • Agitation, depression and/or anxiety

  • Insomnia or inability to awaken from sleep

  • Convulsions

  • Seizures

  • Loss of physical coordination

  • Weakness or numbness in fingers and toes

  • Slurred speech

  • Unusual behavior

Here’s what to do if you suspect a TBI

Do not hesitate. If you suspect that you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury, go to a doctor or emergency room immediately. Medically speaking, even a mild injury to the brain is considered a serious medical matter, as it can lead to a worsening condition. By receiving prompt medical care, you have a good change of preventing any further brain injury.


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If you have any questions about this topic or any other questions related to personal injury law, please call us at 920-725-8464, or toll free at 1-800-529-1552. Our personal injury consultations are always free.


The content of this blog was prepared by Law Offices of DiRenzo & Bomier, LLC for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended to solicit business or provide legal advice. Laws differ by jurisdiction, and the information in this blog may not apply to you. You should seek the assistance of an attorney licensed to practice in your state before taking any action. Using this blog site does not create an attorney-client relationship between you and Law Offices of DiRenzo & Bomier, LLC -client relationships can only be created by written contract.


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