Defining a traumatic brain injury and its causes
Updated: Oct 15, 2018
It is utterly heart-wrenching for the victim and family when a traumatic brain injury occurs. In some severe cases, the person suffering the TBI is never the same again.
Defining a TBI and its causes
A TBI is a dysfunction of the brain, and can be caused by a sudden jolt, a violent blow to the head or body, or caused by an object that penetrates the brain, like a bullet.
Fortunately, not all traumatic brain injuries are severe. In fact, afull recovery is possible for someone who experiences a mild TBI. In such cases the brain dysfunction is only temporary. However, those with a severe TBI can experience long-term complications or death.
The most common causes of TBIs are the following:
A motor vehicle accident
A sports injury (think football, for example)
Proximity to a violent blast or explosion
Symptoms of a TBI
There are various physical, psychological and emotional effects associated with a traumatic brain injury. These symptoms can appear immediately after an accident while others don’t exhibit symptoms for days or weeks.
The following are just some of the symptoms a TBI victim may experience.
Loss of consciousness from several minutes to several hours
Nausea, vomiting and/or dry heaving
Dizziness or loss of balance
Fatigue or drowsiness
Ringing in ears
Agitation, depression and/or anxiety
Insomnia or inability to awaken from sleep
Loss of physical coordination
Weakness or numbness in fingers and toes
Here’s what to do if you suspect a TBI
Do not hesitate. If you suspect that you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury, go to a doctor or emergency room immediately. Medically speaking, even a mild injury to the brain is considered a serious medical matter, as it can lead to a worsening condition. By receiving prompt medical care, you have a good change of preventing any further brain injury.
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