• Di Renzo & Bomier

Defining a traumatic brain injury and its causes

Updated: Oct 15, 2018


It is utterly heart-wrenching for the victim and family when a traumatic brain injury occurs. In some severe cases, the person suffering the TBI is never the same again.


Defining a TBI and its causes

A TBI is a dysfunction of the brain, and can be caused by a sudden jolt, a violent blow to the head or body, or caused by an object that penetrates the brain, like a bullet.

Fortunately, not all traumatic brain injuries are severe. In fact, afull recovery is possible for someone who experiences a mild TBI. In such cases the brain dysfunction is only temporary. However, those with a severe TBI can experience long-term complications or death.

The most common causes of TBIs are the following:

  • A fall

  • A motor vehicle accident

  • A sports injury (think football, for example)

  • Violence

  • Combat injuries

  • Proximity to a violent blast or explosion


Symptoms of a TBI

There are various physical, psychological and emotional effects associated with a traumatic brain injury. These symptoms can appear immediately after an accident while others don’t exhibit symptoms for days or weeks.



The following are just some of the symptoms a TBI victim may experience.

  • Loss of consciousness from several minutes to several hours

  • Nausea, vomiting and/or dry heaving

  • Memory loss

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Dizziness or loss of balance

  • Persistent headache

  • Disorientation

  • Fatigue or drowsiness

  • Blurred vision

  • Ringing in ears

  • Mood swings

  • Agitation, depression and/or anxiety

  • Insomnia or inability to awaken from sleep

  • Convulsions

  • Seizures

  • Loss of physical coordination

  • Weakness or numbness in fingers and toes

  • Slurred speech

  • Unusual behavior

Here’s what to do if you suspect a TBI

Do not hesitate. If you suspect that you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury, go to a doctor or emergency room immediately. Medically speaking, even a mild injury to the brain is considered a serious medical matter, as it can lead to a worsening condition. By receiving prompt medical care, you have a good change of preventing any further brain injury.


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If you have any questions about this topic or any other questions related to personal injury law, please call us at 920-725-8464, or toll free at 1-800-529-1552. Our personal injury consultations are always free.


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